Do Wetland Habitats breed mosquitoes or help control mosquitoes?

In addition to pollinating flowers, mosquitos provide an important food source for a wide range of creatures such as frogs, turtles, fish, bats and birds. In fact, mosquitoes are rarely a problem in a body of water that also contains fish. Problems with mosquitoes arise when they are allowed to breed in temporary pools of water lacking larval predators, i.e. old buckets or cans. Interestingly enough, a well functioning wetland habitat will likely be home to a variety of the mosquito’s natural predators creating an environment where one is less likely to be bitten.

Many pesticides kill multiple insects and other organisms. This includes natural predators of mosquitoes as well as ladybugs, butterflies, and other insects that pollinate flowers, digest feces, remove detritus from the ecosystem, and otherwise make life on earth livable. In fact, wetland habitats could be perceived as a better method of insect control than traditional spraying treatments.

Although mosquitos can transmit disease to humans, they are primarily a bother. Personal protection such as long clothing and repellant can protect a person from the itching bites of a mosquito. People should remember that mosquitos, and other insects, are an important part of the ecosystem. In a book The Diversity of Life, famous entomologist Edward O. Wilson discusses the necessity of land-dwelling arthropods and insects, saying that “if [they] all were to disappear, humanity probably could not last more than a few months.” Most other life forms, like amphibians, reptiles, birds, and mammals would also become extinct because of the domino effect that would occur in the food chain.

So according to the facts wetlands can be great for controlling mosquitos and maintaining balance. In Huron Township, our spaces are protected and business can grow as the community also maintains its valuable wetlands.

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